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Barnum is a city in Carlton County, Minnesota. The population was 525 at the 2000 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.6 km² (1.0 mi²), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 525 people, 226 households, and 138 families residing in the city. The population density was 200.7/km² (519.7/mi²). There were 249 housing units at an average density of 95.2/km² (246.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.33% White, 1.52% Native American, and 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.19% of the population.
There were 226 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,518, and the median income for a family was $40,625. Males had a median income of $34,375 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,621. About 7.4% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.