Margaret Sanger formed the first birth-control clinic in 1916 in Brooklyn, N.Y. and later, the American Birth Control league in 1921. The two would merge and became the Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc, (PPFA) in 1942.
Planned Parenthood is the largest U.S. provider of reproductive health services, including cancer screening, HIV screening and counseling, contraception, and abortion. The remarkable thing is that the original organization, created by Margaret Sanger, was staunchly against abortion, and stressed responsibility. The beginning of the abortion era began only after her death in September 6, 1966.
Sanger felt that in order for women to have greater equality in society, as well as healthier lives, they needed to be able to determine when to bear children. Also, she wanted to prevent dangerous and mostly illegal back-alley abortions.
Sanger, while supporting the prevention of unwanted pregnancy, was adamantly against abortion and promiscuity. She stated "every normal man and woman has the power to control and direct his sexual impulse. She believed that women had the ability to control their sexual impulses, and should utilize that control to avoid sex outside of relationships marked by "confidence and respect." She believed that exercising such control would lead to the "strongest and most sacred passion."
Sanger’s interest in birth control measures to protect against dangerous abortions was honorable, but she had another goal -- eugenics. She believed that eugenics and birth control both sought to "assist the race toward the elimination of the unfit."
Sanger was a proponent of negative eugenics, which aims to improve human hereditary traits through social intervention by reducing reproduction by those considered unfit. In her book The Pivot of Civilization, she advocated coercion to prevent the "undeniably feeble-minded" from procreating. Although Sanger supported negative eugenics, she asserted that eugenics alone was not sufficient, and that birth control was essential to achieve her goals.
In contrast with eugenicists who advocated euthanasia for the unfit, Sanger wrote, "we [do not] believe that the community could or should send to the lethal chamber the defective progeny resulting from irresponsible and unintelligent breeding." Similarly, Sanger denounced the aggressive and lethal Nazi eugenics program. In addition, Sanger believed the responsibility for birth control should remain in the hands of able-minded individual parents rather than the state, and that self-determining motherhood was the only unshakable foundation for racial betterment.
Sanger also supported restrictive immigration policies. In "A Plan for Peace", a 1932 essay, she proposed a congressional department to address population problems. She also recommended that immigration exclude those "whose condition is known to be detrimental to the stamina of the race," and that sterilization and segregation be applied to those with incurable, hereditary disabilities.
Sanger's family planning advocacy always focused on contraception, rather than abortion. It was not until the mid-1960s, after Sanger's death, that the reproductive rights movement expanded its scope to include abortion rights as well as contraception. Sanger was opposed to abortions, both because they were dangerous for the mother in the early 20th century and because she believed that life should not be terminated after conception. In her book Woman and the New Race, she wrote, "while there are cases where even the law recognizes an abortion as justifiable if recommended by a physician, I assert that the hundreds of thousands of abortions performed in America each year are a disgrace to civilization."
In her 1938 autobiography, Sanger noted her opposition to abortion: "[In 1916] we explained what contraception was; that abortion was the wrong way no matter how early it was performed it was taking life; that contraception was the better way, the safer way—it took a little time, a little trouble, but was well worth while in the long run, because life had not yet begun." And in her book Family Limitation, Sanger wrote that "no one can doubt that there are times when an abortion is justifiable but they will become unnecessary when care is taken to prevent conception. This is the only cure for abortions."
Margaret Sanger knew life began at conception, and that the womans' sole rights existed up to that point. After that point, there were two lives, each with rights to life. When Sanger started her crusade, contraception didn't exist, but now almost a hundred years later, there are plenty. There is no reason anyone gets pregnant, other than by acting irresponsibility, except in rare cases of rape or incest. Sanger did not believe in abortion and the fact that Planned Parenthood carries on her legacy while performing the same is an abomination.